Litchfield Historical Trivia

What Kellogg cereal was named after a Litchfield native? answer

There is only one known recipient of The Congressional Medal of Honor buried in Litchfield.  Can you name him and the war in which he served? answer

What prominent, post Civil War Litchfield resident may have arrived here via the Underground Railroad? answer

Many know that Litchfield was once called Smithfield. Do you know a third name used in the 18th century? answer

"Swingling" was a task performed in connection with what crop grown in early Litchfield? answer

In pre Civil War Litchfield, many residents took the Washingtonian Pledge. What were they Pledging? answer

Present day Buker, Sand, and Woodbury Ponds originally had the same name. What was it? answer

Early Litchfield was much larger than today’s town. Can you name three towns which claimed pieces of the original Litchfield? answer

Before bridges were built, ferries crossed Cobbossee Stream from three “landings”.  Can you name the landings on the following roads:  Dennis Hill, Lunt’s Hill, and Pond. answer

Which of Litchfield’s several lakes and ponds was once known as, “Cabot’s Great Pond”? answer

Litchfield has produced many heroes.  Can you name the farm boy who did the following:  Prepared himself for Bowdoin College, went to California as a ‘49er, earned degrees from Bowdoin and Harvard Divinity School, served in the Union army as both a chaplain and line officer, and gave his life at the battle of Cold Harbor? answer

Hiram Elmer Shorey, one of the founders of Rotary International, is one of Litchfield’s most famous sons. What was his occupation? answer

Before the Civil War, Litchfield was the home of two college preparatory boarding schools. Can you name them? answer

Eighty five years ago, Litchfield was serviced by commuter rail which linked it with Lewiston/Auburn, Augusta, and Waterville.  What was the name of this rail line? answer

When early Litchfield records referred to, “The Pond”, which of Litchfield’s many ponds was it? answer

Early settlers of Litchfield were required to mark their live stock for identification and have the mark recorded in the town records. How was this done? answer

Water from all of Litchfield’s great ponds ends up in what common destination? answer

"Litchfield’s Commuter Rail”, The Lewiston, Augusta, and Waterville Street Railway, once had three stops in Litchfield.  Can you identify any of them?  answer

Cobbosseecontee is derived from the Native American word for what fish? answer

The earliest known map of Litchfield (then Smithfield) had but a single road.  This road, then called the County Road, still exists.  Can you name it? answer 

In 1803 the selectmen of Litchfield divided the town into three religious districts. The North Baptists, the Congregationalists, and the East Baptists. Which one never built a church? answer

Which early settler of Litchfield seems to have fought on both sides in the Revolutionary War and was clever enough to be perhaps the first ‘double dipper’?  (He got a pension from both sides.) answer

The section of Litchfield known as “The Plains” had another name which derived from an early family who owned much of the land in that part of town. What was the name? answer

Litchfield lost two thirds of its population in the century following the Civil War. Which 20th century Census records Litchfield's lowest modern population and what was that population? answer

Litchfield once had fifteen one-room school houses.  The school’s name often changed over time.  What was the location of the school known variously as: Potter, Brick, and Longfellow? answer

Few people know that Litchfield once had a gold mine. What was its location? answer

The Patten Mill Bridge crossed what stream? answer

Early Settlers of Litchfield used wood to heat their houses and cook their food. Which three available hardwoods provided the most BTU’s per cord. answer

In the early days, the area north of Purgatory belonged to Litchfield (now shared with West Gardiner). What was this area commonly called? answer

Litchfield once had water-powered carding and fulling mills. These were associated with the manufacture of what product? answer

What is the current name of a stream once known as Jack stream? answer

Most of the eastern shore of Upper Pleasant Pond was taken from Litchfield and given to Richmond. Richmond Corner, however, was formerly part of what town? answer

In 1905, Litchfield Academy had an active Philomatheon Society. What was their avowed purpose? answer

Granite from Litchfield was used to construct what architecturally significant church in Gardiner? answer

Before the Thorofare causeway and bridge were built, what ferry connected the western and eastern shores of what is now called Pleasant Pond? answer

The broad axe was an important tool for early settlers of Litchfield. Apart from being wider, how did the broad axe differ from felling axes? answer

What road, now discontinued, connected the Pine Tree Road and the Stevens Town Road? answer

When Litchfield was incorporated, it was part of what county? answer

Litchfield’s neighbor, Gardiner, was originally the West Parish of what town? answer

What Litchfield farm boy went on to marry a British Admiral’s daughter, captain a ship transporting British convicts to Australia, and to make a fortune in the Australian whaling industry which he pioneered? answer

Early Litchfield surveyors measured land in units of rods and chains. A rod was sixteen and one half feet. How long was a chain? answer

If an early settler bought ten square chains of land, what would that be in today’s measure? answer

What locally available wood, because of its stringy nature, was favored for the “tie-ups” in early Litchfield barns. answer

The Plains Baptist Church was called a “Free Baptist Church”. What did this mean? answer

Early graves all over New England, including Litchfield, buried bodies on an East/West axis with the head to the West. Why was this? answer

Around 1810 a significant number of Litchfield residents moved north to what town on the Kennebec River? answer

The term “relict of” appears on many early gravestones. What did this mean? answer

The upper and lower sections of Potter Brook have had various names over time. What were they? answer

Early Litchfield Town Meetings “Warned Out” new comers to the town. What did this mean? answer

In early deeds and records, the intersection of two roads was called a “corner”. It was further identified with the name of a family living at the corner. What three names have been used to identify the intersection of the Upper Pond and Plains Roads? answer

The “Grant Neighborhood”, which had a school and a cemetery named for it, was on what road in Litchfield? answer

What early Litchfield family built a tavern which still stands in Bowdoin on the old coach road between Topsham and Hallowell? answer

Several prominent early Litchfield families came to Litchfield from what town in Nova Scotia? answer

What early settler of Litchfield disobeyed orders and changed the name of the town from Smithfield to Litchfield? answer

On what present-day road was the old Cook Neighborhood located? answer

Which of the following early Litchfield water-powered mills produced an edible product? answer

What long discontinued road once connected the South end of the Adams Road with present day RT. 197? answer

The portion of Cobbossee Stream between Pleasant Pond and Cobbossee Lake was originally called what? answer

The area around Bachelder’s Corner is often referred to as “The North”. In early maps, (1856 and 1879), how is this area identified. answer

In early town records, the term “Jr.” could have two meanings. First, a son with the same name as his father. What was the second? answer

What very hard wood, native to Litchfield, was commonly called “iron wood” by early settlers who used it for wheel hubs and mallets. answer

Early town records show that the two biggest budget items were roads and schools. What was the third largest item? answer

What 19th century Litchfield couple have their portrait hanging in the Portland Museum of Art? answer

Early Colonial records show that the term “a gate” was used as a measure of land. How big was a “gate” of land? answer

The present day Lunt’s Hill Road was, in early records, called what? answer

What Litchfield farm boy went to Bowdoin Medical School, was chosen and impeached as Kansas’ first Secretary of State, and died in the Civil War at the age of 39? answer

The Litchfield Town Farm or “Poor Farm” was located on what road? answer

The Reverend Alexander Hatch Morrell, a pastor of the Litchfield Plains Baptist Church, was the grandfather of what famous movie star? answer

In early Litchfield oxen far outnumbered horses as draft animals. Why was this? answer

A year in the early 1800’s saw snow in July and major crop losses in Litchfield. What caused this “Year without summer”? answer

What one room school house was located on what is now called the South Adams Road? answer

Litchfield once had two college preparatory boarding schools. Which of the schools was favored by the town’s Baptists? answer

What pond was the source of the Libby Mill Stream? answer

In early Litchfield, sugar maples were often called “rock maples”. Why was this? answer

Some early lots laid out from the Kennebec River were one mile deep and 125 poles wide. How many acres were in those lots? answer

In early wills and legal documents the term “my cousin” sometimes had an unexpected and confusing meaning. What was it? answer

Before Litchfield had saw mills they had to rely on “saw pits”. What type of saw was used in a saw pit? answer

When Litchfield was first settled some large pine trees had an arrow carved into the bark. What did this signify? answer

To an early Litchfield settler, “Not worth a Continental” would have referred to what? answer

What present day Litchfield pond was originally called Cobbossee Conte Pond? answer

What town sued the Gardiner family for building the first dam across Winthrop Stream (now Cobbosseecontee Stream) and why did they sue? answer

The tree for which Litchfield’s Black Ash Swamp is named has, over time, had two other names. What were they? answer

Litchfield’s early settlers could have caught only one of the following fish in Litchfield waters : large-mouth bass, brown trout, brook trout. Which one? answer

What very hard wood, commonly called “iron wood”, was used by early settlers for wagon hubs and mallets? answer

The Toothakers were a prominent family in early Litchfield. The name had nothing to do with a trip to the dentist. What was its derivation? answer

Litchfield Corner once had a “factory” which used iron pots to extract the lye from wood ash. What was the product of this factory? answer

In early Litchfield, trees of the larch family were commonly called hackmatack. This was derived from an Abanaki word meaning what? answer

If your ancestor had lived in Litchfield’s Thurlow neighborhood on what present day road would they have lived? answer

Early Litchfield schools had three major expense items: A. Teacher’s Salary, B. Teacher’s Board, C. Cost of wood to heat the school. Can you put them in order from smallest to largest? answer

The intersection of the Richmond Road and the Dead River road was formerly called what “corner”? answer

Andrew Jack, the progenitor of Litchfield’s Jack families, lived on what present day road? answer

Early Litchfield had three distinct Smith families represented by : Heman Smith, Benjamin Smith, and Eliphalet Smith. Which of these men descended from Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower? answer

At least five early Litchfield families had names derived from occupations. How many can you name? answer

Early settlers went to a lot of work and bother to produce potash. For what purpose was the potash produced? answer

Early Litchfield’s neighboring town of “Pond Town” preceded Litchfield by nearly a decade. At least two present day towns were originally part of “Pond town”. Can you name them? answer

In the 1840’s hundreds of Litchfield residents belonged to, “Washingtonian Societies”. What was the avowed purpose of these Societies? answer

The "Libby Mill Stream" of early Litchfield records referred to what present day stream? answer

Toothaker Corner was located at the intersection of what two present day roads? answer

Which of Litchfield’s four early villages never had a church building? answer